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Listen to the Russian letters and example words by clicking the picture.
The letters above are presented in alphabetical order. There are 31 sounds:
The soft sign ь and hard sign ъ do not have a sound of their own. Ъ is relatively rare and occurs only in a limited number of words that start with a prefix ending in a consonant. There it is placed between the prefix and the word stem, as in объявление (announcement) and съезд (conference).
Ь is placed after consonants for softening them. Listen to a few examples:
Regardless of the different alphabet, the Russian sounds are very similar to English and are therefore easy to learn.